SMART COATINGS are the materials capable to adapt their properties dynamically to environmental and other external stimuli that integrated with emerging smart agents (e.g. graphene, graphene oxide, carbon nanotubes, graphite)
A tendency of coatings technology (for both scientific research and industrial applications) is to control the coating composition and its morphology that can help to form structures with unique properties, for instance, anti-microbial, anti-fouling, anti-corrosion, anti-icing, conductive, self-healing, and superhydrophobic.
It has been known that in wet and windy weather conditions the wall stone materials undergo moisture saturation and thereby become less energy-efficient. Moreover, the buildings, sights and historical constructions “swallowed” by moisture are losing their initial appearance, changing surface color and overgrowing with moss that is a perfect environment for health-hazardous bacteria and fungi evolvement. These are provoking a durability reduction of the buildings, affecting its strength, and as a result an increase in the cost of restoration.
Therefore we aim to develop new environmentally friendly and practicable technology of superhydrophobic coatings for wall stone materials. A combination of silicon-based coupling agents specifically with carbon-based smart materials will be a solution that will help to increase thermal performance and service life of wall stone materials.
For more information about this research topic, contact Dr. Ievgeniia Kovalska.